Resources to grow market-ready crops

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Canada exports over 20 million tonnes of wheat, oats and barley every year and shipments are inspected by processors and importers to ensure that contract specifications are being met. If excessive pesticide residues or mycotoxins such as Ochratoxin (OTA) and Deoxynivalenol (DON) are detected, it can derail domestic and export sales, causing millions of dollars in losses and putting future access to key markets at risk.

Help protect Canada’s reputation as a quality supplier by keeping market access top-of-mind throughout the growing season and following the Keep it Clean guidelines.

Five Simple Tips To Keep Your Cereals Ready For Market

1. Use Acceptable Pesticides Only

Only apply pesticides that are both registered for use on your crop in Canada and won’t create trade concerns. Talk to your grain buyer to ensure the products you are using are acceptable to both domestic and export customers and learn the 2021 Product Advisory.

pdf Download the 2021 Product Advisory (1.54 MB)

2. Always Read and Follow the Label

Always follow the label for application rate, timing and pre-harvest interval (PHI) – the number of days that must pass between spraying a pesticide or desiccant and cutting the crop by swathing or straight- cutting. Applying pesticides or desiccants without following the label directions is illegal and may result in unacceptable residues.

For example, glyphosate should only be applied for pre-harvest weed control once grain moisture is less than 30% in the least mature areas of the crop. Applications made before the correct stage increase the risk of unacceptable residue in the grain; refer to the pdf Keep it Clean Pre-harvest Glyphosate Staging Guide (494 KB) .

3. Manage Disease Pressures

An integrated disease management plan is important to maintain yield and profitability and can help protect Canada’s reputation as a supplier of high-quality cereals. Diseases like fusarium head blight (FHB) may also create a market risk.

Protect your investment by following these fusarium management tips:

  • Grow fusarium resistant varieties when available.
  • Consider applying an appropriately timed fungicide when there is an elevated risk of FHB.
  • Plan crop rotations to manage fusarium.
  • Plant clean seed and consider a seed treatment under high-risk conditions to improve plant stand and crop competitiveness.
  • Control volunteer plants, weeds and other susceptible hosts of the disease.
  • Use an integrated pest management approach.

4. Store Your Crop Properly

Proper storage helps to maintain crop quality and keeps the bulk free of harmful cross-contaminants.

  • Make sure your storage bins are free of treated seed and animal protein like blood meal and bone meal.
  • Clean bins thoroughly prior to storing your crop.
  • Only use approved bin treatments (e.g. diatomaceous earth on cereals).
  • Never use malathion to prepare canola for storage or to treat bins used to store canola. Its residue can linger for months, so do not store canola in a bin treated with malathion in the current growing season.
  • Condition crops to moisture and temperature levels safe for long-term storage.
  • Keep bins cool, dry, well-ventilated and check their condition regularly.

5. Deliver What You Declare

When you sign the mandatory Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your crop is the variety and/or class you have designated and that it was not treated with the crop input products specified in the declaration.

The Declaration is a legally binding document and any incorrect information, intentional or unintentional, can be traced back to the farm and individuals can be held liable for the costs associated with contamination of a bin or shipment.

Declarations of Eligibility have changed effective August 2020 as part of Canada's commitments under the CUSMA. Farmers should take time to review updated Declarations and be aware of how the changes may affect your operation. Visit grainscanada.gc and talk to your grain buyer to learn more.

For more information, visit CFIA’s database of registered varieties and proposed list of variety registration cancellations.