We're All In This Together.
Canada exports close to $4 billion of pulse crops to over 130 countries annually, and shipments containing even the smallest amount of unacceptable pesticide residue can be rejected, causing millions of dollars in losses and putting key markets at risk.
Market access is important to the Canadian pulse industry, and both growers and their advisors play a key role in keeping the doors to export markets open. By knowing the market impact of crop protection product choices and taking steps to mitigate risk, we can ensure Canada’s pulses continue to meet the needs of our domestic and export customers.
Help protect Canada’s reputation as a quality supplier by following the Keep it Clean guidelines to grow a market ready crop.
Five Simple Tips To Keep Your Pulses Ready For Market
1. Use Acceptable Pesticides Only
Only apply pesticides that are both registered for use on your crop in Canada and won’t create trade concerns. Talk to your grain buyer to ensure the products you are using are acceptable to both domestic and export customers and read the 2021 Product Advisory.pdf Download the 2021 Product Advisory (1.54 MB)
2. Always Read and Follow The Label
Always follow the label for application rate, timing and pre-harvest interval (PHI). Applying pesticides or desiccants without following the label directions is illegal and may result in unacceptable residues.
For example, glyphosate should only be applied for pre-harvest weed control once grain moisture is less than 30% in the least mature areas of the crop. Applications made before the correct stage increase the risk of unacceptable residue in the grain; refer to the pdf Keep it Clean Pre-harvest Glyphosate Staging Guide (494 KB) .
PHI is the number of days that must pass between spraying a pesticide or desiccant and cutting the crop by swathing or straight-cutting. Pulse growers can use the interactive Spray to Swath Interval Calculator to know when it’s safe to cut your crop after spraying or to find a product to suit a specific timeline.
3. Manage Disease Pressures
An integrated disease management plan is important to maintain yield and profitability and can help protect Canada’s reputation as a supplier of high-quality pulses.
Protect your investment by following these disease management tips for all crops:
- Grow disease resistant varieties when available.
- Consider applying an appropriately timed fungicide when there is an elevated risk of disease.
- Plan crop rotations to manage disease.
- Plant clean seed and consider a seed treatment under high-risk conditions to improve plant and and crop competitiveness.
- Control volunteer plants, weeds and other susceptible hosts of the disease.
- Use an integrated pest management approach.
4. Store Your Crop Properly
Proper storage helps to maintain crop quality and keeps the bulk free of harmful cross-contaminants.
- Make sure your storage bins are free of treated seed and animal protein like blood meal and bone meal.
- Clean bins thoroughly prior to storing your crop.
- Only use approved bin treatments (e.g. diatomaceous earth on cereals).
- Never use malathion to prepare canola for storage or to treat bins used to store canola. Its residue can linger for months, so do not store canola in a bin treated with malathion in the current growing season.
- Condition crops to moisture and temperature levels safe for long-term storage.
- Keep bins cool, dry, well-ventilated and check their condition regularly.
5. Deliver What You Declare
When you sign the mandatory Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your crop is the variety and/or class you have designated and that it was not treated with the crop input products specified in the declaration.
The Declaration is a legally binding document and any incorrect information, intentional or unintentional, can be traced back to the farm and individuals can be held liable for the costs associated with contamination of a bin or shipment.
Declarations of Eligibility have changed effective August 2020 as part of Canada's commitments under the CUSMA. Farmers should take time to review updated Declarations and be aware of how the changes may affect your operation. Visit grainscanada.gc and talk to your grain buyer to learn more.